Blood pressure is a measure of the force that your heart uses to pump blood around your body. It is one of the most important indicators of health. It can be calculated by using two numbers: systolic pressure (the top number) and diastolic pressure (the bottom number).
- Systolic pressure measures the force of blood as your heart beats
- Diastolic pressure measures the force of blood when your heart is at rest.
Risks of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure, or hypertension, can increase the risk of serious health conditions such as heart stroke, kidney damage, brain problems, damage to the blood vessels, atherosclerosis, and other health problems. It is very important for patients to check their blood pressure regularly because it can fluctuate throughout the day.
Blood Pressure Ranges
The following are the normal blood pressure ranges for adults as a general guide.
|BLOOD PRESSURE CATEGORY
|SYSTOLIC and DIASTOLIC
|less than 120/80 mmHg
|systolic between 120-129 and diastolic less than 80 mmHg
|Stage 1 Hypertension
|systolic between 130-139 or diastolic between 80-89 mmHg
|Stage 2 Hypertension
|systolic at least 140 or diastolic at least 90 mmHg
|systolic over 180 and/or diastolic over 120 mmHg
|below 90/60 mmHg.
How to Maintain Healthy Blood Pressure
Maintaining healthy blood pressure is very important for an active life. Here are some important tips that help keep your blood pressure within a healthy range.
- Exercise to maintain a healthy weight
- A healthy diet is very important to maintaining good health.
- Less intake of salt and sugar
- High intake of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
- Exercise regularly
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Quit smoking
- Mindfulness activities
- Take blood pressure medication as prescribed by the doctor.
If you want to maintain good health, you should understand the normal blood pressure range and take precautions to avoid emergencies. In adults, it is an important step to monitor blood pressure regularly, maintain good health, and take steps to keep it within a healthy range. By doing so, you can reduce your risk of developing serious health conditions and improve your overall well-being.
Q: What is considered low blood pressure?
A: Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is when blood pressure is below 90/60 mmHg.
Q: How often should I have my blood pressure checked?
A: It is recommended to have your blood pressure checked at least once a year, or more frequently if you have a history of high blood pressure or other risk factors.
Q: What is dangerously low blood pressure?
Hypotension is very dangerous and is abnormally low blood pressure (lower than 90/60 mm Hg). it can cause dizziness, fainting, or death.
Q: Can drinking water reduce high BP?
The heart is made up of 73% of water so it is important to keep yourself hydrated by drinking 6 to 8 glasses of water every day to normal blood pressure.